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MariaDB is a commercially funded fork of MySQL that is intended to remain free and open-source software under the GNU General Public License. Some of the original MySQL developers are leading the project, which was formed in 2009 owing to worries about Oracle Corporation’s acquisition of MySQL.
Whereas MySQL is a popular database that is used all over the world. It is both free and open-source software. MySQL is a prominent database system that was created in C/C++.
In 1995, the Swedish company “MySQL AB” launched the database. Sun Microsystems later purchased MySQL AB in 2008. Sun Microsystems was later purchased by Oracle in 2010. Oracle has maintained and administered MySQL since then.
What is MariaDB
MariaDB offers a fundamentally new database approach to meet today’s modern environment. Workloads that formerly required a variety of specialist databases can now be supported by our pluggable, purpose-built storage engines. Organizations can now rely on a single, comprehensive database to meet all their requirements, whether on commodity hardware or their preferred cloud. MariaDB provides exceptional operational agility without losing critical corporate features, like genuine ACID compliance and complete SQL, and can be deployed in minutes for transactional, analytical, or hybrid use cases.
What is MySQL
MySQL is a SQL (Structured Query Language) database server that is exceptionally fast, multithreaded, multi-user, and robust. MySQL Server is designed for mission-critical, high-volume production applications and integration with widely distributed software.
MySQL is based on the Client-Server Architecture. This model is intended for end-users, or clients, to use network services to obtain resources from a central computer or server. Clients submit requests using a graphical user interface (GUI), and the server responds with the desired result as soon as the instructions match. The MySQL environment follows the same client-server model.
Difference between MariaDB vs MySQL
|When compared to MySQL, MariaDB performs better in terms of speed||MySQL exhibits a slower speed when compared to MariaDB.|
|The JSON, WITH, and KILL statements are among the new features and extensions included in MariaDB.||MySQL does not support the new MariaDB features.|
|Replication may be done in MariaDB in a safer and faster manner. In comparison to standard MySQL, updates can be completed 2x faster.||A certain number of threads can be connected in MySQL’s community edition. Thread capability is included in MySQL’s enterprise plan.|
|MariaDB allows you to encrypt your binary logs and temporary tables.||MySQL encrypts redo/undo logs (when that option is enabled) but does not encrypt temporary tablespace or binary logs.|
|Out of the box, MariaDB has an AWS key management plugin.||MySQL has many key management plugins, but they’re only accessible in the Enterprise edition.|
|MariaDB uses authentication plug-ins as a security measure||MySQL 8.0 uses caching sha2 password as the default authentication plugin. Using the SHA-256 algorithm, this modification may increase security.|