Difference between Oracle DB and MySQL

Introduction

MySQL and Oracle are two well-known relational databases used by both small and large businesses. Although Oracle Corporation supports both databases, there are significant distinctions between them. In comparison to MySQL, Oracle is a more powerful program.

What is Oracle DB

Oracle is a relational database system that is designed to remove error-prone human database management by providing self-driving, self-securing, and self-repairing capabilities. Oracle is a multi-platform database that works with a wide range of operating systems. It enables data to be stored and retrieved quickly and securely. It is free for students; however, it cannot be used for commercial purposes. It is the first database program for businesses that uses a query language to manipulate data. Oracle was first launched in 1980, with only the most rudimentary SQL capabilities. This software is programmable, scalable, portable, and distributed.

The following are the key features of an Oracle database:

  • It has a logical database structure that allows you to interact with the database without knowing where your data is physically stored.
  • It’s programmable, scalable, portable, and distributed.
  • It has an ACID feature that helps us to keep your data’s integrity and reliability.
  • Oracle features networking stacks that allow us to seamlessly communicate apps across multiple platforms with the Oracle database.
  • It contains a recovery manager tool that allows for database backups and recoveries in cold, hot, and incremental modes.

What is MySQL

MySQL is a well-known database management system that is used to handle relational databases. Oracle Corporation provides support for this open-source database. It is a rapid, scalable, and easy-to-use database management solution when compared to Microsoft SQL Server and Oracle Database.It’s frequently used in conjunction with PHP scripts to build robust and dynamic server-side or web-based enterprise applications.

MySQL AB, a Swedish company, developed and supports it, and it is written in the C and C++ computer languages. Many small and large businesses utilize MySQL. It supports a wide range of operating systems, including Windows, Linux, macOS, and others, using the C, C++, and Java programming languages.

The following are the key characteristics of the MySQL database:

  • MySQL protects passwords by encrypting them.
  • It is open-source and free.
  • Transaction reversal, commit, and crash recovery is all supported.

Difference between  Oracle DB  vs MySQL

Oracle DB MySQL
Oracle is the database of choice for large-scale deployments. MySQL is a database that is utilized by both small and large companies.
CHAR, VARCHAR2, NCHAR, and NVARCHAR2 are the four characters supported by Oracle. Only two characters are supported by MySQL: CHAR and VARCHAR.
Backup, hot backup, import, export, and other backup procedures are available in oracle Only mysqlhotcopy and mysqldump are available as backup options.
The null value is not supported by Oracle. The null value is supported by MySQL.
It does support XML.

It was released in 1980.

It does not support XML.

It was released in 1995.

Oracle offers both table and row locking capabilities. MySQL only offers a table locking feature.
Both SQL and PL/SQL are supported by Oracle. MySQL support only SQL language.
It supports the following Operating systems:

  • Windows
  • Mac OS X
  • Linux
  • UNIX
  • z/OS

 

It supports the following Operating systems:

  • Windows
  • Mac OS X
  • Linux
  • UNIX
  • z/OS
  • BSD
  • Symbian
  • AmigaOS
Tablespace, synonyms, packages, and other storage features are supported. It just has a few storage features, such as tablespace, synonyms, packages, and so on.

 

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