History of IBM cloud

Preface – This post is part of the IBM Cloud series.


IBM Cloud offers all three computing models: Infrastructure as a Service, Software as a Service, and Platform as a Service. You can work on three different hardware that supports virtualization and programming models for different project criteria. IBM started its plan with virtualization in 1960, after which they succeeded in developing the same with the different operating systems and finally got a mainframe in 1972. There were different obstacles and challenges that IBM faced with launching the cloud services and making it better daily to succeed in the cloud computing industry. In this article, we will see the history of IBM cloud from the very first idea generation to achieving success in the cloud computing industry.

Idea generation

Earlier in the 1950s, the mainframes were something that could be installed in server rooms, but due to their cost and maintenance charges, many organizations couldn’t afford them. But then, after 20 years, IBM came into the market with the new idea of VM or multiple VM. IBM started its journey with virtualization, which was its first experiment in 1960 on different operating systems such as CP-40 and CP-67. The operating system was used for testing software and was able to share virtual machines with virtual memory space that makes a separate part of the machine. Afterward, when the development was made, and the mainframe was launched, it was found that the mainframe could run many applications and processes at one time, which was a time-changing and revolutionary movement because this could make hardware cost-effective. In 1972 IBM started its business with BM technology to sell to various users and then focus on servers. In 1990, RS/6000 was released, which was able to work on servers along with mainframe, memory sharing, and hypervisor.

Launching Services and Road map

In 1960, virtualization was the first service launched. This service gave them great success, which later made the developers to believe in establishing more services. In 2005, they launched soft-layer, their next service, which enhanced more confidence; in 2010, they launched two services, GI Partners and The Planet Internet Service. These services made IBM well versed among the people. Afterward, IBM started growing eventually, and in 2011, they launched the digital service reality along with a computing service interface that is the expansion of the IBM Cloud in the international market. In 2018, the soft-Layer was finally renamed “the IBM Cloud”.

Year Services Launched
1960 Virtualization was the first service launched.
1972 VM was ready to sell in the market.
2007 An announcement was made to build a cloud for enterprise and the big announcement of the partnership with Google.
2009 LotusLive Collaborate suite was added to the package and business services were launched.
2010 GI Partner, new data centers were opened and the smart business desktop cloud was launched.
2011 Planet Internet Service, digital reality service, workload deployer, data centers in Japan was added, hybrid cloud launched, smart cloud applications services launched.
2014 Cloudant was acquired and the manager opens with the open stack.
2016 Cloud VC manager become part of the platform.
2018 Cloudant becomes IBM cloud.
2021 Development on hybrid and software, consultancy services.


The IBM Cloud has great success as it has many users under it because people believe in their services, and also the resources and the products they offer to make the work of the people more accessible, help them to do it within no time, and store their data securely. Because of its vast services and successful resulting products its users gave a rating of 4.3, which is a significant achievement for IBM. IBM Cloud has not only been well versed in India, but its network has grown globally, which helped them to expand its products and solutions. People started migrating their applications to the IBM Cloud, a big success for IBM Cloud, and it increased its framework under PUP. In 2021 IBM has generated revenue of $57.4 billion. Its hybrid has increased with 17% of constant currency and software generates 35% of the revenue.


IBM Cloud has grown very fast, and frequently in the past few years, people have started trusting IBM services for their work, and the platform they provide to their users. IBM Cloud has grown not only in India but also in different countries. IBM software and consulting are growing rapidly that is providing 70% of growing revenue in combination. Now they are having 3800+ users for hybrid cloud.


  • Barry Allen

    A Full Stack Developer with 10+ years of experience in different domain including SAP, Blockchain, AI and Web Development.

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