Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Phomotsang ke life

Selelekela

Sehloohong sa rona se fetileng re tšohlile hore na API ke eng. Ho na le mefuta e fapaneng ea mehala ea API mohlala, Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), Remote Procedure Call (RPC) le Representational State Transfer (REST). Li-call tsena kaofela tsa API li na le sepheo se le seng, ke hore, ho fetisa data ka mokhoa o sireletsehileng har'a litsamaiso tse peli kapa ho feta. Sehloohong sena re tla hlahloba feela Litšebeletso tsa Webosaete tse Phomotseng.

PHOMOLO ke eng

Joalokaha ho boletsoe pejana, REST e emetse Representational State Transfer. Ke mokhoa o bonolo oa ho romella le ho amohela data lipakeng tsa bareki le seva. Ha e hloke software kapa litekanyetso ho fetisetsa data. E na le sebopeho se boletsoeng esale pele ho etsa mohala oa API. Bahlahisi ba hloka feela ho sebelisa mokhoa o boletsoeng esale pele mme ba fetise data ea bona joalo ka mojaro oa moputso oa JSON.

Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Khutsang

Litšobotsi tsa Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Khutsang

Ts'ebeletso ea webo e RESTful e na le litšitiso / litšoaneleho tse latelang:

  1. Client-server: Ke karolo ea bohlokoa haholo ea REST APIs. REST API e latela meralo ea bareki-server mme tsena ka bobeli li lokela ho arohana. Ho bolela hore seva le moreki ha li khone ho ba seva se le seng. Haeba ho ka ba joalo, o tla fumana phoso ea CORS.
  2. Naha: Ho REST, mehala eohle e nkuoa e le mohala o mocha mme boemo bofe kapa bofe ba nakong e fetileng bo ke ke ba fana ka monyetla oa mohala o mocha. Kahoo nakong ea mohala o mong le o mong, ho hlokahala ho boloka netefatso eohle e hlokahalang le lintlha tse ling.
  3. Cache: A REST API e khothaletsa sebatli le ts'ebetso ea caching ea seva ho ntlafatsa lebelo la eona la ts'ebetso.
  4. Sebopeho sa Uniform: Khokahano lipakeng tsa Client le Server e lula e ts'oana, ka hona liphetoho life kapa life mahlakoreng ka bobeli li ke ke tsa ama ts'ebetso ea API. Thuso ena ho nts'etsopele ea Client le Server system ka boikemelo.
  5. Sistimi ea Layered: REST e lumella ts'ebeliso ea sebopeho se nang le likarolo ka lehlakoreng la seva, ke hore, o ka ba le data ho seva se fapaneng, netefatso ho seva se fapaneng ha API e le ho seva se fapaneng. Moreki ha ho mohla a tla tseba hore e fumana data ho tsoa ho seva sefe.
  6. Khoutu e Batlang: Ke karolo ea boikhethelo ea REST API moo seva e ka romellang khoutu e sebetsang ho moreki e ka sebetsang ka kotloloho nakong ea nako.

Mekhoa ea Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Khutsang

Re sebelisa lits'ebeletso tsa webo tse Khutsang, re ka etsa lits'ebetso tsena tse nne tsa mantlha:

  1. FUMANA: Mokhoa ona o sebelisoa ho fumana lethathamo la data ho tsoa ho seva.
  2. POST: Mokhoa ona o sebelisetsoa ho romella / ho etsa rekoto e ncha ho seva.
  3. BEHA: Mokhoa ona o sebelisoa ho ntlafatsa rekoto e teng ea seva.
  4. HLAkola: Mokhoa ona o sebelisetsoa ho hlakola rekoto ka lehlakoreng la seva.

Hlokomela: Ho letsetsa mokhoa o ka holimo ha ho tiise hore ts'ebetso e tla etsoa ho fihlela lits'ebetso tsena li kengoa tšebetsong le lehlakoreng la seva.

Melemo ea Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Khutsang

Tse latelang ke melemo e meholo ea RESTful API:

  • Li bonolo ebile li bonolo ho li kenya ts'ebetsong
  • E ts'ehetsa mefuta e fapaneng ea lifomate tsa data mohlala JSON, XML, YAML, jj.
  • E potlakile ebile e fana ka ts'ebetso e ntle

Mathata a Litšebeletso tsa Webo tse Khutsang

Leha lits'ebeletso tsa REST li atisa ho fana ka melemo e mengata, e ntse e fana ka mefokolo:

  • Ho kenya tšebetsong potso e amanang le naha ho hlokahala Lihlooho tsa REST e leng mosebetsi o boima
  • Ts'ebetso ea PUT le DELETE ha e sebelisoe ka li-firewall kapa li-browser tse ling.

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