Types of Edge Computing

by | Dec 17, 2022 | Computing, Edge Computing

Preface – This post is part of the Edge Computing series.

Introduction

Edge computing is compatible with the 5G network and has shared new opportunities in the industry. It is only because of Edge computing that data storage is closer to the data source for data generation. It has made the user experience with data much better and faster. Many edge cloud providers in the market offer different solutions in different edge computing and help to provide new business models and innovative ideas for the growth of the business. There are various aspects through which edge computing is classified, such as location, security, latency, connectivity management, on-premises requirement, real-time communication, service capabilities, and many more. There are different types of edge computing, such as device edge, sensor edge, mobile edge, IoT edge, router edge, wireless edge, near edge, enterprise edge, data center edge, cloud edge, and much more. In this article, we will grab some information on types of edge computing such as network edge, on-premises edge, access edge, and network edge.

Types of Edge Computing

IoT Edge

It helps in connecting devices and things when there is any fall to avoid latency. This edge works with sensors for communication in real time. It helps resolve the latency issue by processing the data near to origin. The unwanted data will automatically be transferred to the trash, reducing the work of removing the data. There are containers and multiple modules that communicate with each other for systematic workflow.

On-premises Edge

It helps expand businesses in different domains, such as enterprise industrial manufacturing and large retail operations, and hence enables to deploy on-premises. It offers the ability to operate the data process from its origin.

Access Edge Computing

It is also known as multi-access edge computing or MEC. It is a network architecture that offers both computational and storage. It provides low latency and high bandwidth at user sites. It helps in enabling federation and IM connectivity. It also provides a domain discovery option in which automatic domain discovery is made of the federated domain. Its primary function is to distribute the traffic from the central cloud to the edge network that is close to the user. The characteristics of this computing are proximity, Ultra-low latency, high bandwidth, and virtualization.

Network Edge

The network edge collects the data from the different sides or locations and then processes them at the edge center for specific geographical boundaries. The process is done at the initial stage and finally reaches the central data center. It is also recognized as near-edge computing. The network edge provides security that is always a need in industries. It utilizes routers, switches, and firewalls to provide protection and privacy to the data. This edge is the main entry point of the network. The benefit is that services become more efficient and reduce cyber threats.

Conclusion

The different layers provide a high potential for communication and offer direct exposure to sensors. It helps in simply finding the complicated resources and increases the processing power of the network edge or cloud. The different components and layers collectively work to make an application.

 

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