Yiziphi Izinsiza Zewebhu Zokuphumula

Isingeniso

Esihlokweni sethu esedlule sixoxe ngokuthi iyini i-API. Kunezinhlobo ezahlukene zamakholi we-API isb. I-Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP), Ucingo Lwenqubo Ekude (RPC) kanye Nokudluliselwa Kwesimo Esimele (REST). Wonke lawa makholi e-API anenjongo efanayo okungukuthi ukudlulisa idatha ngokuphephile phakathi kwamasistimu amabili noma ngaphezulu. Kulesi sihloko sizohlola kuphela Izinkonzo Zewebhu Eziphumuzayo.

Yini i-REST

Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, i-REST imele i-Representational State Transfer. Kuyindlela elula yokuthumela nokwamukela idatha phakathi kweklayenti neseva. Akudingi noma iyiphi isofthiwe noma amazinga ukudlulisa idatha. Inesakhiwo esichazwe ngaphambilini sokwenza ikholi ye-API. Onjiniyela badinga nje ukusebenzisa indlela echazwe ngaphambilini futhi badlulise idatha yabo njengomthwalo okhokhelwayo we-JSON.

Amasevisi Ewebhu Aphumuzayo

Izibaluli Zezinsiza Zewebhu Eziphumuzayo

Isevisi yewebhu e-RESTful inezingqinamba/izibaluli eziyisithupha ezilandelayo:

  1. I-Client-Server: Kuyingxenye ebaluleke kakhulu yama-REST API. I-REST API ilandela ukwakheka kweseva yeklayenti futhi lezi zombili kufanele zihluke. Kusho ukuthi kokubili iseva neklayenti akukwazi ukuba yiseva efanayo. Uma kwenzeka okufanayo, uzothola iphutha le-CORS.
  2. Okungenasimo: Ku-REST, zonke izingcingo ziphathwa njengocingo olusha futhi noma yisiphi isimo sekholi sangaphambilini ngeke sinikeze inzuzo kukholi entsha. Ngakho ngesikhathi socingo ngalunye, kuyadingeka ukuthi kugcinwe lonke ukuqinisekiswa okudingekayo nolunye ulwazi.
  3. I-Cache: I-REST API ikhuthaza isiphequluli kanye nenqubo yokugcinwa kwesikhashana kweseva ukuthuthukisa isivinini sayo sokucubungula.
  4. I-Uniform Interface: Ukuxhumana phakathi kweKlayenti neseva kuhlala kufana, yingakho noma yiziphi izinguquko kunoma yiluphi uhlangothi ngeke zithinte ukusebenza kwe-API. Lolu sizo ekuthuthukiseni Client kanye Server uhlelo ngokuzimela.
  5. Isistimu enezingqimba: I-REST ivumela ukusetshenziswa kwesakhiwo esinezingqimba ohlangothini lweseva okungukuthi ungaba nedatha kuseva ehlukile, ukuqinisekiswa kweseva ehlukile kuyilapho i-API ikuseva ehlukile. Iklayenti ngeke lazi ukuthi lithola idatha kusiphi iseva.
  6. Ikhodi Ngesidingo: Kuyisici sokuzithandela se-REST API lapho iseva ingathumela ikhodi esebenzisekayo kuklayenti engasebenza ngokuqondile phakathi nesikhathi sokusebenza.

Izindlela Ezinhlelweni Zewebhu Eziphumuzayo

Ngokusebenzisa izinsiza zewebhu eziphumulele, singenza le misebenzi emine eyisisekelo:

  1. THOLA: Le ndlela isetshenziselwa ukuthola uhlu lwedatha kuseva.
  2. OKUTHUNYELWE: Le ndlela isetshenziselwa ukuthumela/ukudala irekhodi elisha kuseva.
  3. BEKA: Le ndlela isetshenziselwa ukubuyekeza irekhodi elikhona leseva.
  4. SUSA: Le ndlela isetshenziselwa ukususa irekhodi ohlangothini lweseva.

Qaphela: Ukumane ushayele indlela engenhla akuqinisekisi ukuthi imisebenzi izokwenziwa kuze kube yilapho le misebenzi isetshenziswa ngasohlangothini lweseva futhi.

Izinzuzo Zezinsizakalo Zewebhu Eziphumuzayo

Okulandelayo izinzuzo ezinkulu ze-RESTful API:

  • Zilula futhi zivumelana nezimo ukuzisebenzisa
  • Isekela ukuhlukahluka okukhulu kwamafomethi wedatha isb JSON, XML, YAML, njll.
  • Iyashesha futhi inikeza ukusebenza okungcono

Ububi Bezinsizakalo Zewebhu Eziphumuzayo

Yize izinsiza ze-REST zivame ukuhlinzeka ngezinzuzo eziningi, zinikeze ukudeleka:

  • Ukuze usebenzise umbuzo ohlobene nombuso kudingeka Izihloko ze-REST okuwumsebenzi oxakile
  • Imisebenzi ye-PUT ne-DELETE ayisebenziseki ngezicishamlilo noma kwezinye iziphequluli.

Shiya amazwana

Le sayithi isebenzisa i-Akismet ukunciphisa ugaxekile. Funda ukuthi idatha yakho yokuphawula isetshenziswa kanjani.