ABAP Report Events: What are the events of Classical Reports?

ABAP Report Events: What are the events of Classical Reports ?

Events in ABAP:

ABAP is an event driven Programming language. ABAP Report Events are used to handle different kinds of events during runtime. It starts with the event name, followed by the programming codes belonging to that event.

It is advisable to use Comment line to declare the end of an event, since Events do not have a closing Keyword and it ends as soon any other Event starts.

There are different kinds of events in ABAP, SAP has categorized these events together.

Categories of Events in ABAP:

There are three categories of Events in ABAP:

 

Event Category

 

Explanation

 

Events in the Category

 

Program Constructor Events

 

Except Pool programs it occurs in every programs.

 

LOAD-OF-PROGRAM

 

Reporting Events

 

These events occur only in Executable Reports.

 

INITIALIZATION

START-OF-SELECTION

END-OF-SELECTION (obsolete)

 

Selection Screen Events

 

These events occur during Selection Screen Processing

 

AT SELECTION-SCREEN OUTPUT

AT SELECTION-SCREEN

 

List Events

 

These events occur during Classical List Processing [List can be a table or consecutive Write statements, etc.]

 

TOP-OF-PAGE

END-OF-PAGE

AT-LINE-SELECTION

AT USER-COMMAND

AT PFnn

SET USER-COMMAND

 

Events in Classical Report:

Classical Reports have following events:

  • LOAD-OF-PROGRAM : First event fired, loads program in memory
  • INITIALIZATION: Initialize variable
  • START-OF-SELECTION : Actual Business Logic (After START-OF-SELECTION)
  • END-OF-SELECTION : To end above
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN : To validate Multiple Input fields (After Initialization and before START-OF-SELECTION) (After
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN OUTPUT: To manipulate Dynamic screen
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON END OF
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON BLOCK
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON RADIOBUTTON GROUP
  • AT SELECTION-SCREEN ON VALUE REQUEST
  • TOP-OF-PAGE : To print heading
  • END-OF-PAGE: To print footer

Programming Guidelines:

  1. Never use Selection Screen Events in Function Module
  2. Use LOAD-OF-SCREEN to load default values  for the type of Reports executed via SUBMIT or using a transaction code
  3. Use INITIALIZATION to load default values  for the executable type of Reports
  4. It is advised not to specify an event more than once [Except AT-SELECTION-SCREEN & GET event, all other can be specified multiple times.]
  5. If you are not specifying any event name, still specify START-OF-SELECTION to improve readability
  6. After every execution of events NEW-LINE event is executed automatically

Ref: https://www.gotothings.com/abap/what-are-classical-reports.htm

https://www.sapnuts.com/courses/core-abap/classical-reports/classical-report-events.html

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