Preface – This post is part of the ABAP Programs series.
Bubble Sort in ABAP is an important topic in terms of interview question. In general, ABAP provides keyword “SORT” for sorting purpose and that is widely used everywhere. In this article, we will learn: What is a bubble sorting and how to implement it in our ABAP programs.
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What is a Bubble Sorting?
A Bubble Sorting is a way to sort given array of numbers. The sorting mechanism involves a procedure in which every value of array (in case of ABAP, Internal Table) is compared with the adjacent value and swapped in case the upper value is greater than lower value as shown in image here:
The program to perform Bubble sort in ABAP is shown below:
DATA : ITAB_data TYPE TABLE OF int4, "Internal Table to accept multiple data ITAB TYPE TABLE OF string, wa_current_data type int4, " Work Area for this Internal Table wa_bubble_data TYPE int4, lv_lines TYPE int1, lv_data1 TYPE int2, lv_data2 TYPE int2, lv_current_line TYPE int1. SELECTION-SCREEN BEGIN OF SCREEN 0100 . "Where we create a Screen 0100 SELECT-OPTIONS: s_data FOR wa_current_data. "Seclect-Option for multiple Input SELECTION-SCREEN END OF SCREEN 0100. DATA : wa_sdata LIKE LINE OF s_data. START-OF-SELECTION. " Where we show output CALL SELECTION-SCREEN '0100' STARTING AT 10 10. "Where we call the Screen 0100 we created earlier. LOOP AT s_data INTO wa_sdata. APPEND wa_sdata-low TO ITAB_data. ENDLOOP. DESCRIBE TABLE ITAB_data LINES lv_lines." Here we get total number of record WHILE sy-index < lv_lines. " Loop the whole record till all data are compared READ TABLE ITAB_data INTO wa_bubble_data INDEX 1. "Read 1st data into a field LOOP AT ITAB_data INTO wa_current_data FROM 2 TO lv_lines - sy-index + 1. " Read data from 2nd record onwards lv_current_line = sy-tabix. " Gives current loop number IF ( wa_bubble_data > wa_current_data ). " If record no.2 > record no.1 => SWAP them MODIFY ITAB_data FROM wa_bubble_data INDEX lv_current_line. MODIFY ITAB_data FROM wa_current_data INDEX lv_current_line - 1. ELSE. wa_bubble_data = wa_current_data. " If not, 2nd record will become first and 3rd record will become 2nd record ENDIF. ENDLOOP. ENDWHILE. LOOP AT ITAB_data INTO wa_current_data. SKIP. WRITE : wa_current_data. ENDLOOP.
In the program above, initially we have defined data types: Two internal tables [one to store original and another sorted], two work area [To be used by these internal tables], two variables [to be used for swaping], one variable [to save current line/index].
We have then created a selection screen to take input and save it in an internal table. Then using DESCRIBE, we will get the total number of records in that internal table. Then we use two loops [one inside another] and compare all the data and keep swaping them accordingly. And in last print the records as output that is sorted.