Quantum materials are materials that exhibit unusual physical properties that are related to quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superconductivity, magnetism, and topological insulators. Quantum materials are often characterized by their ability to conduct electricity with very low resistance (superconductors) or to exhibit extremely strong magnetic properties (magnetic materials).
Quantum materials are of interest to scientists and engineers because they have the potential to enable the development of new technologies, such as quantum computers, energy-efficient electrical power transmission, and advanced sensors. Quantum materials are also important for understanding the fundamental properties of matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic scale.
There are many different types of quantum materials, including superconductors, magnetic materials, topological insulators, and correlated electron materials. These materials exhibit a wide range of physical properties, and they are often studied using a variety of techniques, including spectroscopy, imaging, and scattering experiments.
Quantum materials are an active area of research in materials science and condensed matter physics, and they continue to be a source of new and interesting discoveries.