Introduction:

One of the three pillars of OOABAP uses this concept of Super class to achieve ‘Inheritance’. Super class allows us to extend that class by creating a subclass of it. This subclass will have all the properties of a super class, plus it can have additional properties as well.

Definition:

A class which is having a derived class from it, is known as a ‘Super Class’.

To make a class Super Class, the first step is to uncheck the box indicating Final Class while creating a Class through T-Code SE24 (Class Builder). Because if a class is creating as a Final cannot be extended further, and inheritance cannot be achieved in that case.

If the developer is using this concept of the super class & subclass, then he/she can have all the advantages of ‘Inheritance’.

Program of Super Class in SAP ABAP:

Let’s take an example of this employer class ‘ZCL_EMPLOYER’. This employer class is having one method ‘GET_INCOME’ to get income.

 

CLASS zcl_employer DEFINITION.

PUBLIC SECTION.

METHODS: get_income RETURNING VALUE(income) TYPE F.

PRIVATE SECTION.

DATA: income TYPE F VALUE 100.

ENDCLASS.                                                                    “CLASS DEFINITION

CLASS zcl_employer IMPLEMENTATION.

METHOD get_income.

income = me->income * 80.

ENDMETHOD.

ENDCLASS.                                                                   “CLASS IMPLEMENTATION

 

Now, I want to create a subclass of it, where I want to redefine this method ‘GET_INCOME’.

 

CLASS zcl_manager DEFINITION INHERITING FROM zcl_employer.

PUBLIC SECTION.

METHODS: get_income REDEFINITION.

PRIVATE SECTION.

DATA: income TYPE F VALUE 100.

ENDCLASS.                                                                    “CLASS DEFINITION

CLASS zcl_manager IMPLEMENTATION.

METHOD get_income.

income = me->income * 100.

ENDMETHOD.

ENDCLASS.                                                                   “CLASS IMPLEMENTATION

 

Once you derived a class from another class, the new class will be known as ‘SUBCLASS’ or ‘CHILD CLASS’. And the class from which a new class is deriving will be known as ‘SUPER CLASS’ or ‘PARENT CLASS’.

As discussed earlier, the subclass can have all the properties, & methods of a super class. The developer can redefine the existing methods of the super class and he/she can also add some new functionality into it.

Advantages:

Provides reusability of code functionality & fast implementation time. It can have all the advantages of ‘Inheritance’.

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